A Beginner's Guide to Nail Anatomy

A Beginner's Guide to Nail Anatomy

Have you ever wondered about the intricate structure beneath your beautifully
polished nails? Understanding nail anatomy is not only fascinating but crucial for
maintaining their health and strength. Whether you're an avid nail art enthusiast or
simply curious about your own body, delving into the world of nail anatomy reveals
its essential components

The Matrix:

Deep beneath the skin surface lies the matrix, a vital component responsible for nail
growth. This living tissue generates new nail cells that gradually push forward,
forming the visible nail plate.

The Nail Bed:

Beneath the nail plate rests the nail bed, a highly vascularized area that supplies
nutrients essential for nail growth. Damage to the matrix can lead to irregularities
like ridges or discoloration, underscoring the importance of gentle nail care practices.

The Nail Wall:

The nail wall surrounds and protects the sides of the nail, providing structural
support and safeguarding against external impacts.

Free Edge:

The free edge is the exposed part of the nail that extends beyond the fingertip. It's
the area you shape and trim during manicures to maintain a tidy appearance.
Nail Plate:
Composed of translucent keratin protein, the nail plate forms the visible hard surface
of the nail. Its multiple layers of compacted cells contribute to the nail's strength and


Often referred to as the "half-moon," the lunula is a pale crescent-shaped area at the
nail's base. While its visibility varies among individuals, it doesn't necessarily indicate
nail health but serves as a point of interest in nail anatomy.


The cuticle is a thin layer of clear, dead skin that rests atop the nail plate, acting as a
protective seal against bacteria and moisture loss. Proper cuticle care helps maintain
overall nail health.

Eponychium and Mantle:

The eponychium is the delicate skin at the base of the nail, while the mantle connects it to the surrounding skin, providing additional protection and support.

Embark on a journey into the captivating realm of nails with Ellement Co. Nail
Academy. Explore our comprehensive nail knowledge and courses designed to
elevate your skills and understanding of nail care. Whether you aspire to master nail
artistry or enhance your personal nail care routine, our academy is your gateway to
becoming a nail pro.
Back to blog